Endorsements by Democratic Congressmen, Senators and Governors (pre-Iowa Caucuses)
Organized alphabetically by state; dates indicate when endorsement announced.  Updated March 2004.
Clark (17 + 3) 
Marion Berry (AR-1)    09/17/03
Vic Snyder (AR-2)     09/17/03
Mike Ross (AR-4)    09/17/03
Mike Thompson (CA-1)    09/30/03 letter
Sanford Bishop (GA- )    01/14/04
Rahm Emanuel (IL-5)    09/17/03
Dale Kildee (MI-5)   12/27/03
Betty McCollum (MN-4)   reported by Roll Call 9/17/03
Gene Taylor (MS-4)    09/30/03 letter
Steve Israel (NY-2)     09/30/03 letter
Anthony Weiner (NY-9)    11/14/03
Charlie Rangel (NY-15)    09/17/03; formally on 12/11/03
Lincoln Davis (TN-4)   12/05/03
Charlie Stenholm (TX-17)   01/08/04
Martin Frost (TX-24)    01/08/04
Solomon P. Ortiz (TX-27)   01/10/04
Jim Matheson (UT-2)    09/30/03 letter
Charlie Gonzalez (TX-20)  not officially announced

Blanche Lincoln (AR)    09/17/03
Mark Pryor (AR)    09/17/03
Max Baucus (MT)    11/14/03
Dean (34 + 2.5   ...35 + 2.5 if one counts the Resident Commissioner of Puerto Rico)
Raúl M. Grijalva (AZ-7)   08/18/03

Pete Stark (CA-13)   12/31/03
Zoe Lofgren (CA-16)    04/09/03
Xavier Becerra (CA-31)   12/15/03
Hilda Solis (CA-32)    12/16/03
Diane Watson (CA-33)     01/14/04
Lucille Roybal-Allard (CA-34)   12/15/03
Grace Napolitano (CA-38)     01/14/04
Loretta Sanchez (CA-47)   12/09/03
Bob Filner (CA-51)    09/04/03

Corrine Brown (FL-3)    01/12/04  ...had backed Graham

Neil Abercrombie (HI-1)    04/10/03

Jesse Jackson, Jr. (IL-2)   12/07/03
Luis Gutierrez (IL-4)   01/09/03
Jan Schakowsky (IL-9)   12/22/03

Elijah E. Cummings (MD-7)   12/13/03

Carolyn C. Kilpatrick (MI-13)   01/16/04  "35th..."

Bennie Thompson (MS-2)   12/22/03  01/13/04

Rush Holt (NJ-5)   12/19/03
Frank Pallone Jr. (NJ-6)     07/21/03
Bob Menendez (NJ-13)     12/27/03

Joseph Crowley (NY-7)   11/23/03
Jerrold Nadler (NY-8)   08/24/03
Major Owens (NY-11)    08/26/03
Nydia Velázquez (NY-12)    11/23/03
Maurice Hinchey (NY-22)   10/30/03

Tim Ryan (OH-17)   10/23/03

David Wu (OR-1)   11/17/03

Sheila Jackson-Lee (TX-18)    11/18/03

Robert C. "Bobby" Scott (VA-3)   12/07/03
Jim Moran (VA-8)   11/17/03

Jim McDermott (WA-7)    10/06/03

Alan Mollohan (WV-1)   12/22/03
Nick Rahall (WV-3)    12/22/03

Aníbal Acevedo Vilá (PR) 12/19/03

Tom Harkin (IA)    01/09/04
Patrick Leahy (VT) 
Jim Jeffords (I-VT)  supporting, has not formally endorsed 

James McGreevey (NJ)   12/19/03

Edwards (8)
Albert Wynn (MD-4)   07/23/03
Frank Ballance (NC-1)
Bob Etheridge (NC-2)
David Price (NC-4)     all 6 NC Dems. on 4/03/03
Mike McIntyre (NC-7)
Mel Watt (NC-12)
Brad Miller (NC-13)
Eddie Bernice Johnson (TX-30)    03/19/03
Mike Easley (NC)  June 5, 2003
Gephardt (34)
Ed Pastor (AZ-4), Chief Deputy Whip    05/07/03

Robert Matsui (CA-5)    05/14/03
Nancy Pelosi (CA-8), House Democratic Leader 05/14/03
Lois Capps (CA-23)    05/14/03
Howard Berman (CA-28)    05/14/03
Adam Schiff (CA-29)    05/14/03

Jerry Costello (IL-12)    05/14/03
Lane Evans (IL-17)    05/14/03

Dutch Ruppersberger (MD-2)   05/14/03
Ben Cardin (MD-3)    05/14/03
Steny Hoyer (MD-5), House Democratic Whip    05/14/03

William (Lacy) Clay, Jr. (MO-1)    02/01/03
Karen McCarthy (MO-5)    02/01/03
Ike Skelton (MO-4)    02/01/03

Rob Andrews (NJ-1)    05/14/03

Nita Lowey (NY-18)    05/14/03
Mike McNulty (NY-23)   12/03/03

Ted Strickland (OH-6)   10/02/03
Sherrod Brown (OH-13)    05/14/03

Jack Murtha (PA-12)   05/14/03
Joe Hoeffel (PA-13)    05/14/03
Tim Holden (PA-17)    05/14/03

Patrick Kennedy (RI-1)  first
James Langevin (RI-2)    06/12/02

John Spratt (SC-5)   01/03
Jim Clyburn (SC-6)    12/10/03

Bart Gordon (TN-6)   05/14/03
John Tanner (TN-8)    05/14/03

Max Sandlin (TX-1), Chief Deputy Whip    05/14/03
Chet Edwards (TX-11)    05/14/03
Silvestre Reyes (TX-16)    05/14/03
Chris Bell (TX-25)    05/14/03
Gene Green (TX-29)    05/14/03

David Obey (WI-7)    05/14/03

Bob Holden (MO)  named as an honorary co-chair of the campaign on Feb. 1, 2003
Kerry (20 + 2   ...21 + 2 if one counts the Delegate from USVI)
Juanita Millender McDonald (CA-37)   01/14/03 sent letter

John Olver (MA-1)
Richard Neal (MA-2)
James McGovern (MA-3)
Barney Frank (MA-4)
Marty Meehan (MA-5)
John Tierney (MA-6) 
Ed Markey (MA-7)
Michael Capuano (MA-8)
Stephen Lynch (MA-9)
Bill Delahunt (MA-10)

Bill Pascrell (NJ-8)   10/7/03

Tim Bishop (NY-1)   10/29/03
Carolyn McCarthy (NY-4)   10/29/03
Gregory Meeks (NY-6)    6/11/03
Carolyn B. Maloney (NY-14)   10/27/03
Louise Slaughter (NY-22)   6/11/03

Earl Blumenauer (OR-3)   12/1/03

Harold Ford (TN-9)    4/28/03

Adam Smith (WA-9)

Donna M. Christensen (USVI)   01/16/04

Dianne Feinstein (CA)    09/16/03
Edward Kennedy (MA)
Kucinich (1)
Lynn Woolsey (CA-6)    6/19/03
Lieberman (12 + 2)
Dennis Cardoza (CA-18)   4/10/03
Cal Dooley (CA-20)    4/10/03
Ellen Tauscher (CA-10)    4/10/03
Rosa DeLauro (CT-3)   03/03/03  ...the day Dodd said no
John Larson (CT-1)    03/03/03  ...the day Dodd said no
Robert Wexler (FL-19)    4/10/03
Alcee Hastings (FL-23)   11/18/03   ...had backed Graham
Ed Case (HI-2)   4/10/03
Bill Lipinski (IL-3)   03/?/03
Steve Rothman (NJ-9)   03/02/03
Eliot Engel (NY-17)    4/10/03
Brad Carson (OK-2)   03/11/03

Christopher Dodd (CT)   03/17/03
Tom Carper (DE)   08/29/03
Sharpton (2)
José E. Serrano (NY-16)   12/16/03
Edolphus Towns (NY-10)   12/16/03
Bush (0 + 1) Zell Miller (GA)  10/29/03*
Former Candidates
Moseley Braun (2)  withdrew Jan. 15, 2004
Bobby Rush (IL-1)   02/19/03
Danny Davis (IL-7)  02/19/03
Graham (6 + 1)  withdrew Oct. 6, 2003
Alan Boyd (FL)     all 06/27/03
Corrine Brown (FL)
Jim Davis (FL)
Peter Deutsch (FL)
Alcee Hastings (FL)
Kendrick Meek (FL)

Bill Nelson (FL)  06/27/03

*Zell Miller's interview aired on the Fox News Channel on October 29, 2003:
"This is the statement I gave in interviews today: I believe George Bush is the right man at the right place at the right time. The next five years will determine the direction of the world that my grandchildren and great-grandchildren will live in. I do not want to trust that crucial decision to the current Democratic field. So, I plan to vote for George Bush and will help him any way I can. This does not mean I am going to become a Republican. It simply means that in the year 2004, this Democrat will vote for George Bush."

Copyright © 2003, 2004  Eric M. Appleman/Democracy in Action