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More Links
01/11 - Brown-Black Forum
01/06 - NPR/WOI Radio Debate
01/04 - DMR Debate

Results by County

Iowa's precinct caucuses are set for Monday Jan. 19, 2004.  The Iowa caucuses are the first step in the nominating processes of the Democratic and Republican parties.  As a result, Iowa garners a vastly disproportionate number of candidate visits and amount of media attention.  A better than expected showing on caucus night can boost a candidacy, while a poor performance can spell the end of a candidate's hopes.
-1/8/04....An Exchange of Letters.
-11/15/03....JJ Dinner.
-Hear It From the Heartland Forums.
-6/21/03...."America's Hometown Forum" 
Newton, Iowa.
-2002 Results.
-8/02....Heavy politicking in Iowa during the summer recess.
The Hawkeye State at a Glance
General: State of Iowa  |  Facts and Symbols  |  Iowa.com  |  Iowa Information Network  |  P2004 Iowa Page  |  P2000 Caucus Page

Population (July 2002 est.): 2,936,760    U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts
Major Cities   Des Moines, Cedar Rapids, Davenport, Sioux City, Waterloo.

Local Government: 99 counties, 949 cities.
State Government  Gov. Tom Vilsack (D), elected in 1998, re-elected in 2002. Legislature General Assembly--Senate (50 members) and House (100 members).
Federal Government Senators Tom Harkin (D), first elected to the Senate in 1984, re-elected in 2002; and Chuck Grassley (R), first elected to the Senate in 1980, up for re-election in 2004.  Congressmen (4R,1D) - 1. J.Nussle (R) | 2. J.Leach (R) | 3. L.Boswell (D) | 4. T.Latham (R) | 5. Steve King (R).

Political: Iowa Democratic Party  |  Republican Party of Iowa Iowa Green Party  |  Libertarian Party of Iowa  |  Reform Party of Iowa  | Politics1.com  | Iowa Secretary of State

Media: Iowa Newspapers (NAA)   |  Iowa TV Stations (Zap2It)  |  Des Moines Register-Politics (Campaign 2004) (Main)  | The Gazette (Cedar Rapids)  |  Radio Iowa  | Iowa Press (IPTV)

Economy: Iowa Workforce Development, Iowa State University's Iowa PROfiles.

Organization is the Key
The Iowa precinct caucuses came to the front of the presidential nominating process in 1972 as a result of changes in the Democratic party rules.  The caucuses are now the first contest in the nominating processes of both parties.  Because of this first status, Iowa receives candidate visits and media attention vastly out of proportion to the number of delegates it sends to each of the major party conventions (a little more than one percent of the delegates at either convention are from Iowa).

The Iowa caucuses are a shining example of democracy in action in America.  Participation requires more than simply going to a voting place and casting a ballot.  On caucus night, Iowans gather in high school cafeterias, living rooms and auditoria across Iowa.  They divide into groups.  Ordinary citizens make speeches on behalf of the various candidates; their neighbors listen.  The whole process can take several hours (and it is only the first step in selecting delegates; county conventions, district conventions and the state convention follow).  Unfortunately, the caucuses also illustrate one of the problems with American democracy.  Statewide only about 100,000 or fewer people typically participate in the caucuses for each party. 

As a result, successfully competing in the Iowa caucuses requires strong grassroots organization extending to as many of the state's 99 counties as possible.  Candidates must invest the time and resources to develop a network of field staff, county chairs, and precinct captains who can identify and mobilize party activists who will turn out on caucus night. (example)

The first status of the Iowa caucuses is enshrined in state law: "The date shall be at least eight days earlier than the scheduled date for any meeting, caucus or promary which constitutes the first determining stage of the presidential nominating process in any other state, territory or any other group..." (Iowa Code--Title II Chapter 43.4).

More Links
Candidate Iowa Sites Graphic Page

2004 Specific
Iowa Presidential Watch -- A Republican Initiative 
(Jan. 2003 announcement letter)

Iowa Federation of Labor, AFL-CIO
AFSCME Iowa Council 61
Iowa State Education Association
Iowa for Health Care
Iowa Farmers Union
Iowa Farmer Today
Iowa Agricultural Statistics-USDA
CyberCaucus (1996 Site--Good Historical Perspective)

Copyright 2001, 2002, 2003  Eric M. Appleman/Democracy in Action.